Challenges and obstacles are the common elements of the software engineering. An organization faces numerous challenges in the path of developing and delivering a best quality product to its users. But, with the availability of several approaches, alternatives, tools and resources, they use to overcome these challenges, impressively, to achieve their goals and objectives.
Similar to Software Development, software testing is a gigantic field, which needs earnest attempts, expertise resources and good amount of time & dedication, to ensure the best quality of a software product. These challenges are not restricted till the development phase, only. With the little or no knowledge about a software application and many sundry factors, a tester or the testing team also faces the obstacles, while carrying out the testing phase.
Let's see some of these challenges, which are commonly faced by the testers, during the testing of a software product.
It is one of the major challenges of a testing team, which severely affects. A software project comes with the cost and the time. With the maximum time, being devoted to the development process, the testing team lefts out with a small amount of time, keeping in view the specified deadlines. To thoroughly test and ensures broader and deeper coverage of a product, under the test, it requires more than the sufficient amount of time, to ensure the superlative quality. Further, most of the organization, always seeks to allocate less possible budget to the testing phase, so that the large portion of the budget may be diverted and efficiently used for the development purpose. Similar to development, testing also requires fine tools, infrastructure, well organized testing environment and other necessary resources, which demands good amount of capital investment.
With the growing complexities in a software product, increasing functionalities and shorten release cycles, it seems to be non-feasible for the testers, to perform complete testing. Considering each and every aspect/features/functionalities and possible non-countable scenarios for each of them, there would be huge test data, which will requires infinite amount of time, for its execution.
As stated above, budget constraints limits the amount of testing, it also affects the resources such as tools and frameworks, required for the testing purposes. Usage of right and best tools and frameworks, increases the productivity of the testing, and subsequently ensures the fruitful success in a short duration of time. However, a testers frequently faces off the scarcity of desired tools and frameworks.
A skilled, knowledgeable and having expertise in the testing domain, proves to be an asset, not only for the team, but for the whole organization, also. A poorly skilled testers, may produces out ineffective test scenarios or cases, misses out or misinterpret the requirements, inappropriate or wrong execution of the tests, etc.
Severity and priority are the two basic elements of a risk management process. A well defined risk management process ensures which needs to be tested first and which needs to be done at a later stage. This helps in identifying and tracing out the potential defects, in a minimal time. Wrong management of the risks, could lead to havoc.