Software testing risks are the unexpected issues that may pose hurdles in achieving the objectives of the testing process for all the stakeholders involved. The risk becoming an event has a probability ranging from 0 to 100%. This probability depends upon the risk level associated with the possible hazardous consequences.
What are the different types of risks in software testing?
There are different types of risks associated with projects specializing in the task of software testing. Here's a brief outline of some of the chief varieties of risks in software testing:
Budget risks:These are the risks incurred on account of inaccurate estimation of project budgets. These risks inevitably lead to cost overruns and can hamper the scope of expansion for the projects.
Schedule risks:These are the risks associated with slip ups in scheduling due to a host of factors namely the project tasks not getting adequately addressed, failure in timely identification of complicated product functionalities and the time required in development of these functionalities. These risks also pertain to unexpected or untimely determined plans for project expansion.
Operational risks:These are the risks related to wrong or improper implementation of processes, failure of the product or system. These risks have their roots in a number of operational failures to address priority conflicts, delegation of responsibilities while being unmindful of the skill set of professionals, lack of adequate resources, poor planning of resources, etc.
Technical risks:These risks are related to product failure or those which have a negative impact on the performance of the system. These risks have their roots in a plethora of structural faults such as the application of obsolete technology at the initial stages of product development or the software application being too advanced for implementation.
Marketing risks:These are the risks which go beyond the control and operational sphere of the product. These factors include the company’s standing in the market, changing customer preferences, and legislative action of the government.
Risk management: A solution to take care of all the testing risks
This activity deals with the testing risks in a comprehensive manner using the following strategies:-
Risk identification: This process involves making a holistic list of all the situation based harmful potentialities or risks which can pose a threat to the smooth flow of events related to testing. Examples of risks include non availability of testing environment, postponement of tests, etc.
Risk impact analysis: This activity prioritises the risks on the basis of their likelihood of occurring and seriousness of impact. The risks are then taken care of in the order of their priorities. For example, the risk due to delayed testing will be accorded a higher priority than the risk arising out of the threat due to natural disasters as its likelihood of occurring is close to negligible.
Risk Mitigation: This activity focuses on recovering from the impact of a risk materializing into a failure of the software product. For instance if the testing schedule is suffering from time constraints, then the situation can be salvaged to some extent, by asking the team of test professionals to make the preparations for testing well in advance or at the earliest.