An environment meant specifically for testing a software solution, is termed as 'Test Bed'. In the modern day, test bed is a terminology used quite often as a reference to the 'software test execution environment'.
Test bed or environment is an environment or a platform where the correct blend of components - operating system, servers, database, network configurations, browser installation and so on are put to use in order to verify the accuracy of a product being tested.
Be it automation or manual testing, configuring the required components is an essential factor to efficiently test an application under test, by incorporating correct blend of features.
Thus setting up a centralised environment despite the geographical boundaries is an imperative ladder to prosper.
A typical example of a test bed configuration is somewhat like the following: (in the context of a web application)
The aforementioned list is just a sample depiction of a typical pattern of test bed configuration and are not exactly in combination. Combination of all the components depends upon project specific requirements.
We understand by now what is the significance and relevance of a test bed. Now we try to elaborate test bed in terms of mobile application testing and desktop testing.
Both require similar set of consideration while opting for a test methodology only differing in the fact that a mobile application needs testing on different platforms.
Mobile application testing involves testing an application for a range of operating system platforms available these days such as - iOS, Android, Windows, being the primary ones apart from Symbian, Blackberry.
The different types of mobile application testing are native, hybrid and web app. Testing an application on a mobile thus requires considering an OS's version, browser versions, device specific considerations and so on.
Quality assurance activities play a major role in deployment of a software application be it - mobile or web. A tester is expected to be a keen observer to facilitate right blend of resources so that the test process is accomplished fruitfully.