Localization Testing Vs Globalization Testing

A Software product is being developed, keeping in mind, its functioning across all the geographical regions, i.e. the developed product should be globally accepted by the customers. However, it is desired that the software product should also possess the local features, to meet the needs of a particular audience, region, area, locale, etc.

The Localization and Globalization quality of the software is being ensured by the localization testing and globalization testing of the software product, respectively.

Let us understand these two types of testing, by differentiating them.

Sl.No. Localization Testing Globalization Testing
1. This testing is carried out, so as to ensure the software product quality, to meet the expectations of the customers or users of a particular locality, culture, area or region. It is performed, in order to make the software product, globally accepted by the audience or customers, irrespective of country, region, area, etc.
2. It is used to evaluate the adaptability aspect of the software product, to work or operate, according to the requirements of a particular area or region. This testing is used to evaluate basic and general functionality and features, which would be responsible for the global-acceptance of the software product.
3. Example: In India, zip code or pin code, are in the numerical form only, like 110001 for Delhi, 400001 for Mumbai. Therefore, software product, must be able, to customize itself, for accepting numerical values, on selecting country as 'India' Example: A software product, is able to support alphanumeric values, against the zip code entry i.e. it work wells where numerical value defines the postal code, like in India or alphabetical value or alphanumerical value, like in Canada. Therefore, it basically covers all the countries of the world.
4. The chief purpose, behind this testing, is to explore the defects or gaps, which affects the proper functioning of the user-interface, linguistic and translation features, etc., along with their settings. The main motive is to detect the issues or loopholes, which are responsible for hindering the globalization quality of the software product, such as managing and handling all kinds of international support, without affecting the functioning and performance.
5. It basically, ensures the customization of the software product, for a particular language, as per the needs. Generally, it focuses on the input system of the software, to accept all types of languages.
6. It may include language, time-format, currency, display appearance, font-scripting, etc. of a local version of the software product, for a particular country. It may encompass different languages, time-formats, currencies, multiple appearances and font scripting, and many other things, for each and every country.
7. It is not affected by the cultural sensitiveness, as testing is done for the local version, to function in a particular country or region. It is associated with the cultural sensitiveness, as cultural aspect of a country or an area, may turns off, influence or oversees, some of the features, associated with the other country(s) or area or vice-versa.
8. Localization does not depend upon the globalization. A software product cannot be globalized, unless and until, it is localized.