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Software Review


Software Review
Have you wondered what a software product is? A software product is known to be any technical document whether full or partial that can be produced as a deliverable of software development activity. It is usually comprised of contracts, projects plans and budgets. Software can be a combination of a product as a whole that is created on the basis of requirement documents, specifications, designs, source code, user documentation, support related documents, test plans and many more.

In this context, software review is a complete process that results in carefully examining a software product in a meeting or at any event. This process is usually undertaken by project personnel, managers, users, customers, user representatives. In software engineering, this term is used to define review of any work done by trained personnel's who inspect the software in order to determine the positive and negative aspects of a program.

Types of software reviews

  1. Software peer review

    This type of review is conducted by the software testers other than the developer. This examination is done in order to determine or reveal the defects of a software. The improvement opportunities are given in order to remove the defects. The quality of work done is also checked by other members of the team.

  2. Software management reviews

    These reviews take place in the later stages by the management representatives. The objective of this type of review is to evaluate the work status. Also, on the basis of such reviews decisions regarding downstream activities are taken.

  3. Software audit reviews

    This type of review is external review done keeping in mind the evaluation in compliance with specifications, standards, contractual agreements. This is done by managerial level people.

Importance of Software reviews

  1. The reviews provided at this stage are found to be cheap as they are identified at the earlier stage. The cost of rectifying a defect in the later stages would be much more than doing it in the initial stages.
  2. In this process of reviewing software, often we train technical authors while the defects are revealed. It is only at this stage the inadequacies are eliminated.
  3. Elimination of defects or errors can benefit the software to a great extent. Frequent check of samples of work and identification of small time errors can lead to low error rate.
  4. As a matter of fact, this process results in dramatic reduction of time taken in producing a technically sound document.

Process of Software review:

The process of reviewing software is found to be common. It is set to be done by following a set of activities that are laid down by IEEE Standard 1028. All these steps are of high importance. Skipping any of them might lead to complication in the developed system.

  1. Entry Evaluation

    A standard checklist is used by entry criteria in order to ensure an ideal condition for a successful review.

  2. Management Preparation

    On this stage, a responsible management ensures that the software review has all the required resources. These are staff, time, materials and tools.

  3. Review planning

    To undergo a software review, an objective is identified. Based on the objective, a recognized team of resources is formed.

  4. Preparation

    The reviewers are held responsible for preparing group examination to do the reviewing task.

  5. Examination and Exit Evaluation

    In the end, the result made by each reviewer is combined all together. Before the review is finalized, verification of all activities is done that are considered necessary for an efficacious software review.