In this context, software review is a complete process that results in carefully examining a software product in a meeting or at any event. This process is usually undertaken by project personnel, managers, users, customers, user representatives. In software engineering, this term is used to define review of any work done by trained personnel's who inspect the software in order to determine the positive and negative aspects of a program.
This type of review is conducted by the software testers other than the developer. This examination is done in order to determine or reveal the defects of a software. The improvement opportunities are given in order to remove the defects. The quality of work done is also checked by other members of the team.
These reviews take place in the later stages by the management representatives. The objective of this type of review is to evaluate the work status. Also, on the basis of such reviews decisions regarding downstream activities are taken.
This type of review is external review done keeping in mind the evaluation in compliance with specifications, standards, contractual agreements. This is done by managerial level people.
The process of reviewing software is found to be common. It is set to be done by following a set of activities that are laid down by IEEE Standard 1028. All these steps are of high importance. Skipping any of them might lead to complication in the developed system.
A standard checklist is used by entry criteria in order to ensure an ideal condition for a successful review.
On this stage, a responsible management ensures that the software review has all the required resources. These are staff, time, materials and tools.
To undergo a software review, an objective is identified. Based on the objective, a recognized team of resources is formed.
The reviewers are held responsible for preparing group examination to do the reviewing task.
In the end, the result made by each reviewer is combined all together. Before the review is finalized, verification of all activities is done that are considered necessary for an efficacious software review.