An effective, organized and established process is a key to carry out any task, smoothly and efficiently, so as to achieve success.
In the software field, the task of testing is not just limited to executing test cases on software product. Like, the development process, testing is also a wider process that completes its cycle after going through several phases. It should not be considered as a single activity to carry out, rather it is defined by the specified process consisting of various stages.
Similar to SDLC i.e. software development life cycle, testing process also has its separate cycle namely, software testing life cycle (STLC). This cycles comprises of series of subsequent activities in an order to initiate, execute and terminate the testing process, successfully.
The basic process of testing includes following stages in a subsequent manner
It is an initial phase to begin with the process of testing. This phase involves the preparation of test plans, defining objectives and building up test strategy to effectively implement these test plans at various levels of the software. However, this phase considers following aspects or points, in order to generate a proper and effective test plan, for carrying out the testing.
In addition to planning, it also involves controlling the process of testing by constantly monitoring it, reviewing and analysing the method and its outcome, and accordingly making decisions.
This phase deals with the creation of test cases with the help of information and output provided from the previous stage i.e. Test planning & control. During this phase, objectives are transformed into test cases.
Basically, this stage comprises following activities
In this phase, test scripts and procedures are outlined by integrating the test cases in a particular order, setting up testing environment and execution of the test cases.
The activities, carried out during this phase are
This phase involves evaluation of outcomes of the test implementation & execution stage, to decide further testing or its closure. Based on the risk assessment, exit criteria are prepared, which works as a metric to determine the amount of testing needed in the product or project. It depends upon testing team to carry out further testing or to terminate the process, on the basis of exit criteria such as exploring high percentage of bugs, time-limit, budget-limit, 100% test-coverage.
However, task of evaluating the exit criteria should also be undertaken, along with the test results, to
Further, the outputs of the test execution are logged and reports are being generated for the client's use.
Generally, this phase begins after the delivery of software product to the client. However, it is not mandatory to perform closure activities only after the delivery of software. The testing process may also be terminated due to other reasons like achievement of target, cancellation of the project or when the product needs update, etc.
This phase mainly consists of following events