Test artifacts and deliverables are an integral part of software testing life cycle. From enabling knowledge transfer and sharing experiences with various team members, management, and clients for improvement, to reducing ambiguity and distractions, test artifacts offer various benefits to the testing team. Test log, a type of test artifact, is created during test execution and provides detailed information regarding the success of each test performed to validate the quality, performance, & functionality of the software. Therefore, let’s understand the significance of this test artifact- test log -with the assistance of the following discussion.
Test log is one of the crucial test artifact prepared during the process of testing. It provides a detailed summary of the overall test run and indicates the passed and failed tests. Additionally, test log also contains details and information about various test operations, including the source of issues and the reasons for failed operations. The focus of this report/document is to enable post execution diagnosis of failures and defects in the software.
Testers play an extremely vital role in creating test logs, which should be created whenever test are executed or possibly when test scripts are implemented by the team. Moreover, apart from offering information about various tests, test log also includes images of the test application, links to files, and other various entries.
The numerous test logs created after every test execution should have a series of entries that accurately present the trail for various aspects related to the executed test and offer comprehensive and relevant information regarding it. Other components included in a test log are:
To ensure that accurate information and relevant details, related to test execution, is inculcated in the test log, the team of testers follows a standardized template that allows them to properly record an event and manage details. This template is standardized by IEEE Standard 829-1998 and is used universally. The template followed for test log report is stated below:
As stated earlier, software testers have an extremely important role in creating an effective and detailed test log report. Therefore, mentioned below are the various activities performed by the testers:
Though, creating test log is usually considered to be a time consuming activity, yet it is one of the most important and beneficial activity. It allows the team to track various testing activities and enables them to rectify various issues in the software. Few of the other benefits of test log are:
From the above discussion, we can conclude that test log report is crucial for validating the quality and effectiveness of testing. It provides relevant and accurate data that helps the team test various components of the software and debug their software application thoroughly. Hence, by creating test logs whenever test are executed or test scripts are implemented, the team can improve the effectiveness of the software.