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Test Steps


Introduction :

Test Steps are the sequence of steps followed in the realisation of test objectives. Testing process follows the V- concept of testing wherein the whole process is comprised of 11 steps along with the software development process.

The steps in testing aims at verification and validation of the software project in terms of its accuracy and correctness. Let's look into the V concept of testing in detail.

Step1 : Assess Development Plan and Status

This is phase is concerned with the evaluation of implemented software solution. Testers try to challenge the correctness of the developers plan. On the basis of the completeness of the project plan, testers analyse the required resources to implement the software solution.

Step 2 : Develop the Test Plan

Now the testers begin with the test plan. The execution of the plans is performed by taking into account the various risks involved with the software under development. The structure of plan will remain same but based on the degree/extent of risk as per the testers, the content of the plan of the plan will vary.

Step 3 : Test Software Requirements

It is imperative to gather the requirements correctly. The accuracy of requirement specification leads to the right decisions. Testers must carefully verify that the requirements are correct, complete so that they do not conflict.

Step 4 : Test Software Design

Testers take into account the design patterns for the software and then plan their testing activities. Design is crucial in the process of development of an application.

Step 5 : Program (Build) Phase Testing

During this phase, the design document chosen to implement software building, helps the testers to identify what kind of testing shall prove beneficial. Defects are better analysed during the software development phase than completely during testing. Hence , if the software construction phase becomes more automated, less testing is required during this phase.

Step 6 : Execute and Record Results

Dynamic code is tested during this phase. The tools and approaches mentioned in the test plan are used to validate the code in order to ensure whether it meets the software requirements and structural specifications.

Step 7 : Acceptance Test

Users perform a usability and acceptability test under real application of the software system. They evaluate the performance, that is, checks whether the product conforms to the expected results, and thus finalises the product's acceptability.

Step 8 : Report Test Results

It is a normal to test and find defects, and the defects are thus reported to the development team. So this activity is a continuous one and corrective actions must be taken in a timely manner.

Step 9 : The Software Installation

Once the software is approved for use, the product is then checked in the real environment where it is supposed to perform that is, checking it with the operating system, related software application etc. , if there exists any discrepancies.

Step 10 : Test Software Changes

This stage is concerned with implementing the changes on time. Whether the changes are associated with requirement change, test plan change etc. Also the impact of such changes on the software system must be analysed. Basically, this is the phase concerned with maintenance activities.

Step 11 : Evaluate Test Effectiveness

This is concerned with the final evaluation of the software system. The team should ideally comprise of QA's, developers, the end user and the testing team. The assessment of the software is primarily done by the testers.

Conclusion :

Testing is an activity that cannot be ignored. The whole process of testing is a step by step technique. Thus software testing life cycle is primary in pursuit of a software product that gains a competitive edge over its competitors.