Is it possible to test something without knowing the requirements ? What are requirements from a tester's perspective? Testing can be thought of both a science and an art. When the tester is aware about the requirements , they can devise a strategy to perform testing in a controlled environment, by preparing set of test cases and creating test scenarios to measure the results in accordance with the requirements. Whereas when there is a lack of requirement documentation, a tester has to apply his ingenuity in conducting the process of testing. The onus shall lie on a tester as to how he crafts the testing process with least or no requirements. In such a case it can be considered an art.
Planning - an essential component for a mission. A well crafted plan can offer great help even in a situation of crisis. Planning is ubiquitous, whether it is our government, a school , a university, armed forces, planning is important in realisation of objectives. The outcome of a plan may not be absolute, but beginning a journey requires a considerable amount of thought. Hence planning is basically deciding in advance about alternate solutions to a given problem.
Now the debate is how shall a tester conduct the testing process when he has very limited resources available with him. Let us do a litmus test in the light of few scenarios that may prove to be of some value.
It requires a great deal of creativity on the part of tester to be able to visualise and foresee what could possibly lie in the road ahead. With the right amount of knowledge and experience, a tester can begin with planning.
A tester must adhere to the documents provided by the developer. He should do a careful analysis of the situation and should be able to design test cases based on how the developers are developing the software. Meetings should be conducted between the developers, testers and the business analysts. This shall help testers to develop a better and clear understanding of the project. A tester must thus be able to understand things from the user's perspective.
Some of the useful points that may help testers are listed as follows :
'Planning provides an insight into the future'. For a successful venture one must be able to analyse and plan accordingly . Understand the facts, make a list of things 'to be done' and proceed ahead.